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Compaq Presario CQ5810 Desktop PC support

Using Keyboard Shortcuts and Special Keys

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This document pertains to HP products with a Microsoft Windows operating system.
Enhance your efficiency in Windows by memorizing and using keyboard shortcuts to perform routine tasks.

Standard keyboard keys

The typical keyboard includes the following keys:
Figure 1: A typical English keyboard layout (your keyboard might look different)
Typical keyboard layout
Number NameFeature or function
1Caps Lock keyActivates/deactivates the Caps Lock feature.
2Scroll Lock keyActivates/deactivates the Scroll Lock feature.
3Num Lock keyActivates/deactivates the Num Lock feature.
4Ctrl keyUse in combination with another key; its function depends on the application software you are using.
5Windows key *Opens the Start menu in Microsoft Windows. Use in combination with other keys to perform other functions.
6Alt keyUse in combination with another key; its function depends on the application software you are using.
7Application key*Similar to the right mouse button, opens pop-up menus in a Microsoft Office application. May perform other functions in other software applications.
8Editing keysIncludes the following: Insert , Home , Page Up , Delete , End , and Page Down .

Hold Ctrl and Alt while pressing Delete to restart the computer.
* Available in select geographic regions.
Additional keys often found on your keyboard
NameLocationFeature or function
FnLower left between Ctrl and AltUsed in combination with another key; its function depends on the application software you are using.

The Fn key often has colored letters or a box around the letters. Use the Fn key with other, similarly identified, keys.
EscTop row on the left side. Left of the F1 through F12 keysCancels or aborts the current operation.
Prt ScrTop row on the right side. Right of the F1 through F12 keysSends a current image of the screen to the computer clipboard.
InsertTop row on the right side. Right of the F1 through F12 keysActivates/deactivates text insertion without overwriting previous text.
Pause/BreakTop row on the right side. Right of the F1 through F12 keysPauses the program or restarts a paused program.

F1 - F12 key functions in Windows 7 and Windows 8

There are several special keys along the top row of the keyboard. The F1 through F12 keys have different functions depending on whether you are on the Windows desktop or within an application.
NOTE:The F1 through F12 keys have no function while on the Windows 8 Start screen.
The following table explains the keys and their use:
NameWindows 7 and Windows 8 Desktop feature or functionApplication feature or function
F1 + F1 opens Windows Help screenIn applications, opens application specific Help window.
F2Renames the selected item.In Microsoft Word , Ctrl + F2 shows print options. Ctrl + Alt + F2 opens the Document window.
F3Opens the search window.In applications, opens application specific search window.

In Microsoft Word , Shift + F3 toggles between uppercase and lowercase letters in the highlighted section.

In Microsoft Outlook , + F3 opens advanced search options.
F4Alt + F4 closes the active window.In applications, Ctrl + F4 closes the open window within the active application.
F5NoneIn Internet Browsers, refreshes the page.

In Microsoft Word , opens the Find, Replace, Go To window.

In PowerPoint , starts slideshow.
F6NoneIn Internet Browsers, highlights the contents of the address bar.

In Microsoft Word , toggles between open documents.
F7NoneIn Microsoft applications, initiates spell check and grammar check.
F8Used during Power on to access the Startup menuNone
F9NoneIn Microsoft Word , Alt + F9 toggles to show the addresses of hyperlinks.
F10Shift + F10 performs a right-click on the selected item.In applications, activates the menu bar.
F11NoneIn Internet Browsers, enters full-screen mode.
F12NoneIn Microsoft Word , opens the Save as window.

Special symbols on the keyboard

Many keyboards come with extra keys. The following table shows special key symbols and functions.
SymbolMeaning
Displays apps side by side for simultaneous viewing.
Switches between open apps.
Shows the commands available in an open Windows 8 app.
Lists recently used apps in Windows 8.
Begins, pauses, or resumes playback of audio or video discs.
Plays previous section or track of audio or video discs.
Stops playing audio or video discs.
Plays next section or track of audio or video discs.
Opens Search.
Opens Share charm to share pictures, files, or web pages.
Opens Device charm to set up printers and sync data with other devices.
Opens Settings charm to personalize the computer.
Copies selection to clipboard.
Mutes sound.
Decreases sound volume.
Increases sound volume.
Puts the computer in sleep/suspend mode.
Opens help content.
Decreases screen brightness.
Increases screen brightness.
Switches to another display mode when an external display is connected.
Enables or disables Wireless networking.
Locks the computer.
Opens the Internet browser.

Windows 7 keyboard shortcuts

The following table lists keyboard shortcuts to use in Windows 7.
KeystrokeResult
Windows key Opens the Start menu.
Windows key + EOpens Windows Explorer to My Computer.
Windows key + FSearches for a file or folder.
Windows key + Ctrl + FSearches for computers.
Windows key + LLocks the computer.
Windows key + MMinimizes all windows.
Windows key + Shift + MRestores all minimized windows.
Windows key + ROpens the Run dialog box.
Windows key + Ctrl + TabMoves focus from Start , to the Quick Launch toolbar, to the system tray. Use right arrow or left arrow keys to select items on the Quick Launch toolbar or system tray.
Windows key + TabCycles through taskbar buttons.
Windows key + BreakViews the System Properties dialog box.
Ctrl + EscOpens the Start menu. From here, use the arrow keys to select an item, or press Tab to select the taskbar, or press Shift +F10 for a context menu (equivalent to right-clicking the mouse).
Ctrl + Shift + EscOpens Task Manager .
Ctrl + TabSwitches to the next child window of a Multiple Document Interface (MDI) program.
Alt + EscSwitches between open items.
Alt + TabSwitches to another open software program. Press and hold the Alt key and then press the Tab key to view the task-switching window. With the task switching window open, press Shift + Tab to cycle through the open programs in reverse order.
Alt + SpaceViews the main window's System menu (from the System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the window).
Alt + underlined letter in MenuOpens the specified menu.

Windows 8 keyboard shortcuts

Use the following information to navigate in Windows 8 using keyboard shortcuts.
NOTE:Many of the keyboard shortcuts from previous versions of Windows also work in Windows 8.
KeystrokeResult
Windows key Switches between Start Screen and the Desktop (or the last full screen application).
Windows key + C Shows the Charms and the clock.
Windows key + H Opens the Share charm.
Windows key + I Opens the Settings charm.
Windows key + K Opens the Devices charm.
Windows key + O Turns the screen orientation lock on or off if your computer can detect screen orientation.
Windows key + W Opens the Search charm with Settings selected.
Windows key + F Opens the Search charm to search Files.
Windows key + QOpens the Search charm to search Files, Apps, and Settings.
Windows key + X Opens the advanced menu on the Desktop or the Start Screen.
Windows key + Z Opens commands for the current app.
Windows key + Tab Shows the most recently used running apps and Start. Hold the Windows key and press Tab to move from app to app.
Windows key + Page upMoves the Start screen to the left monitor in multi-monitor setups.
Windows key + Page downMoves the Start screen to the right monitor in multi-monitor setups.
Windows key + Left arrowOn the desktop, moves a desktop app to the left half of the screen.
Windows key + Right arrowOn the desktop, moves a desktop app to the right half of the screen.
Windows key + Up arrowOn the desktop, maximizes the current window to full screen.
Windows key + Down arrowOn the desktop, minimizes or restores a current window.
Windows key + EOpens File Explorer to Computer.
Windows key + ROpens the Run dialog box.
Windows key + Pause/BreakOpens the Systems page.
Windows key + DShows or hides the desktop - minimizes or restores all windows.
Windows key + F1Launches Windows Help and Support.
Windows key + Prt Scr (Print Screen)Takes and saves screenshots instantly. Windows saves the screenshot to your Pictures folder as a PNG image file.
Alt + TabShows all open apps. Hold Alt and press Tab to move from app to app.
Ctrl + mouse wheelZooms - Hold down the Ctrl key on the keyboard while using the mouse wheel to grow or shrink an item on the screen.
Ctrl + . (period)Moves one Start screen group to the right.
Ctrl + , (comma)Moves one Start screen group to the left.

Software application keyboard shortcuts

The following table lists shortcuts to use in Windows software programs.
KeystrokeResult
Ctrl + CCopies selection.
Ctrl + XCuts selection.
Ctrl + VPastes selection.
Ctrl + ZUndoes last action.
Ctrl + BBolds selection.
Ctrl + UUnderlines selection.
Ctrl + IItalicizes selection.
Shift + Del (or Shift + Delete )In Windows Explorer , deletes selected file without first moving it to the Recycle Bin.
Alt + EnterViews the selected item's Properties .
* (asterisk) on the numeric keypadIn Windows Explorer , expands everything under the current selection.
+ (plus sign) on the numeric keypadIn Windows Explorer , expands the current selection.
- (minus sign) on the numeric keypadIn Windows Explorer , collapses the current selection.
Right arrow In Windows Explorer , expands the current selection if it is not expanded, otherwise go to the first child folder.
Left arrowIn Windows Explorer , collapses the current selection if it is expanded, otherwise go to the parent folder.

Mouse clicks with key presses

The following table lists shortcuts using mouse click and key press combinations.
KeystrokeResult
Shift + right clickViews a shortcut menu containing more commands.
Shift + double clickRuns the alternate default command (the second item on the menu).
ALT + double clickViews the selected item's Properties .
Press and hold down the Ctrl key while you drag a file.Copies a file to another folder. You can also do this in the original folder.
Press and hold Ctrl + Shift while you drag a file to the desktop or a folder. Creates a shortcut on the desktop or in a folder.

Remote desktop connection keyboard shortcuts

You can set up the remote computer to recognize Windows keyboard shortcuts that you type (for example, Alt + Tab ), or you can use Terminal Server keyboard shortcuts.
To use Windows keyboard shortcuts, follow these steps:
  1. Click to open Remote Desktop Connection .
  2. Click Options , and then click Local Resources .
  3. Under Keyboard , select On the remote computer to make the remote computer recognize the Windows keyboard shortcuts that you type.
    NOTE:If you use Remote Desktop Connection in full-screen mode, you can choose In full screen mode only to get the same result. This is the default setting.
Figure 2: Remote Desktop Connection - Local Resources tab
Remote Desktop Connection - Local Resources - Keyboard
To use Terminal Server shortcuts, refer to the following table:
KeystrokeResult
Alt + Page UpSwitches between programs from left to right.
Alt + Page DownSwitches between programs from right to left.
Alt + InsertCycles through programs in the order that they were opened.
Alt + HomeDisplays the Start menu.
Ctrl + Alt + BreakSwitches between a window and full screen.
Ctrl + Alt + EndDisplays the Windows Security dialog box.
Alt + DeleteDisplays the Windows menu.
Ctrl + Alt + Minus sign (- ) on the numeric keypadPlaces a copy of the active window, within the client, on the Terminal Server clipboard. This key combination provides the same functionality as pressing Alt + Print Screen on a local computer.
Ctrl + Alt + Plus sign (+ ) on the numeric keypadPlaces a copy of the entire client window area on the Terminal Server clipboard. This key combination provides the same functionality as pressing Print Screen on a local computer.
Ctrl + Alt + Right arrow"Tabs" out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program such as a button or a text box. This is useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.
Ctrl + Alt + Left arrow"Tabs" out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program such as a button or a text box. This is useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.
NOTE:Ctrl + Alt + Break and Ctrl + Alt + End are available in all Remote Desktop sessions, even when you have set up the remote computer to recognize Windows keyboard shortcuts.